Text is clearly readable and art reproductions vary from so-so to excellent. This work is also known by the title Study for Fugue in Two Colors - the reference to a fugue a musical compositional technique adds a further element of meaning to the piece. An artist of his time but one difficult to categorise, in the French capital Kupka became acquainted with the artistic movements that arose during the first half of the 20th century. One of the by a Czech artist. Born in Eastern Bohemia in 1871, Kupka began studying at the Prague School of Fine Arts where he experimented with allegories, religious paintings, historical themes and symbolism, and the exhibition, presented in chronological order, opens with an early work, Le Bibliomane. La Petite Fille au ballon, an attractive, impressionist-style canvas representing Andrée, the small daughter of Kupkas companion, was the starting point in 1908 for the artists non-figurative works.
Between 1907 and 1910 he explored figurative Expressionism, painting a number of street scenes and prostitutes The Archaic, 1910, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris , before his expressionism took a more abstract route. In 1909 he painted the picture that marked a turning-point in his art: the Piano Keyboard - the Lake Prague Museum. Colour Symphonist and Painter of the Cosmos' Directed in 2008 by Daniela Gébová, the film looked at the meaning of Kupka's art and included footage of the artist himself explaining his work as well as first-hand accounts by others who knew him. Kupka was interested in cosmology and astronomy and it is possible that the two spheres in the foreground represent planets, the concentric circles indicating their paths of orbit and their own rotation. He pared his paintings down, tending towards rigorous stylization, and painted a series of canvases and gouaches inspired by jazz and its syncopated rhythms: Jazz-Hot No 1 and Music 1935,1936; both Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris. In 1914 he voluntarily enrolled for front-line duty at the Somme. Kupka died on June 24, 1957 in Puteaux, France.
The illusion of volume in the canvas, inspired by the X rays discovered by the doctor Wilhelm Rontgen, was given by the use of differing colours and shades. Moving away from this focal point, the colors become cooler in tone and eventually disintegrate into black, the absence of color. Here, they are employed to delineate sacred space, highlighting both the womb and the fetus as holy. Oil on canvas - Solomon R. This was not the first time that Kupka had imbued the Lotus with these qualities and similar imagery can be seen in his earlier painting The Soul of the Lotus 1898. It contains at once the top and the bottom, combining them. Biography The Czech painter and pioneer of Frantisek Kupka trained at the fine arts academies of Prague and Vienna before arriving in Paris about 1896.
They included objects such as a Newton Colour Disk and a kaleidoscopic spinning top. After his studies at the Prague Art Academy from 1889 to 1892, he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he specialized in allegorical and symbolic subjects. These works were among the first abstract pictures produced in Paris, and reportedly inspired and his work on. In 1946 at the occasion of his 75th birthday the artist's first major retrospective was shown in Prague. With this aim in mind, it included a group of 19th-century objects loaned from the collection of the German experimental filmmaker Werner Nekes. It was in France where he became inspired with the architecture of Gothiccathedrals, especially with what he called in his book 'their vertiginous musicality'.
Where could future artists go from there? During his time at the Prague Art Academy, he painted patriotic and historical themes. Experimentation Soon, under the influence of , he began executing Symbolist canvases in which line predominated, and in which he occasionally sacrificed plastic expression to concept Defiance, or The Black Idol, 1903, Prague Museum. Abstract art is art, which represents real objects in an abstracted fashion. The lotus flower is an important symbol of creation, femininity, and sexual union and is depicted here as the origin of life itself. This seems to represent the center of creation and the series of disjointed and interweaving rings which spiral out from it, the expanses of the universe, full of stars, planets and mystic forces.
Once he had achieved a certain measure of success he abandoned newspaper caricatures for. Chronophotography was developed by Etienne-Jules Marey and Eadweard Muybridge and allowed successive phases of motion to be captured in multiple photographs which were often layered into a single image. Today, his artwork is also available online. From this period date various symbolist portraits The Last Dream of the Dying Heine, Prague Museum , painted in the style of the era. Collections by Frantisek Kupka can be seen in a number of the around the world, notably the Musee National d'Art Moderne, housed in the in Paris, and the Prague Museum.
In 1894, Kupka exhibited at the Kunstverein, Vienna. Reputation One of the most interesting , Kupka's numerous interests, music in particular, and his prodigious culture made him one of the eminent representatives of that modern spirit lauded by the French poet Apollinaire 1880-1918. This emphasizes the importance of birth and growth and the role played by women within this. Gouache - Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris. He made fashion designs, drafts for posters, illustrations for books and various satirical magazines. Within this context with which Kupka was only briefly associated his investigations led him by 1911 towards a distinctive type of abstraction that he would go on to develop in two principal directions, evident from that point onwards in his work. The circles reference the widespread and historical practice of utilizing halos to denote religious figures.
The colors follow a chromatic progression from cool to warm as the sequence evolves and the blurring between the individual outlines suggests the path from one to the next. The background and sofa are made of horizontal and vertical stripes of colors denying any sense of depth to the picture and this indicates the influence of Cubism on the artist. Frantisek Kupka Born in 1871 was born in Opočno in Austria-Hungary, in eastern Bohemia. In 1931 he became a founder member of the Abstraction-Creation group and thus came into contact with painters working in , including and , as well as the. March 2010 Lectures by the curator Brigitte Léal; Francisco Jarauta of the University of Murcia; Pascal Rousseau of the François-Rabelais University, Tours; and María Teresa Méndez of the University of Málaga.