Plessy under the Separate Car Act of 1890. Plessy then took his case to the Supreme Court. With the exception of a single vote from Oregon, the majority of the undecided ballots were from the secessionist states of South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida, which were governed by Reconstructionist Republicans Hayes' party. B The case abolished the equal protection clause of the Constitution. Plessy lived in Louisiana and, like many people there, he was a Creole; he was not completely white and he was not completely African American. So, in Louisiana, a group of really cool black, Creole and white people started the Comité des Citoyens, or the Committee of Citizens.
But there have been lawsuits, both in American history and in modern America, which have completely changed the way the Constitution is interpreted. Rules and laws were also made to prevent African Americans from voting. Desdunes case never went to trial, however, because the Louisiana Supreme Court voted in another case on May 25, 1892, Abbott v. On June 7, 1892, Homer A. The decision was finally overturned in the Supreme Court case Brown v. The Separate Car Act required railroad companies traveling within the state of Louisiana to provide separate travel accommodations for whites and African-Americans, preventing the races from co-mingling.
After this, Jim Crow laws, which were a system of laws meant to discriminate against African Americans, spread across the U. Ferguson race and inequality in Jim Crow America. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery. He was tried in Orleans Parrish, New Orleans , in Judge John Ferguson's court, the following month. Plessy took his issue to the regional courts, then the state courts, then finally the Supreme Court.
In order to understand the case better, it is helpful to consider it in terms of the historical and social context of the times. Ferguson Appellant's Claim: That Louisiana's law requiring blacks to ride in separate railroad cars violated Plessy's right to equal protection under the law Chief Defense Lawyer: M. In 1871, his mother Rosa Debergue Plessy, a , married Victor M. Tourgée argued that Plessy's civil rights, as granted by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments of the , had been violated. Ferguson was a landmark case in U. These laws ranged from restrictions on voting, such as literacy tests and the poll tax, to requirements that blacks and whites attend separate schools and use separate public facilities. Augustine Church which is located at 1210 Gov.
There he was to announce that he was one eighth negro. The federal government allowed for racial segregation to be constitutional and due to the decisions made in this case, the fight for civil rights in the United States was set back for several decades. Some of the legislation and rulings of the post-Reconstruction era almost completely undid the progress made immediately following the war. He found Plessy guilty of refusing to leave the white car. Phillips submitted legal briefs to the Supreme Court, and Plessy vs.
Ferguson upheld the law, and the case of Plessy v. Ferguson case is told in a fast, fun sequence consisting of a series of interesting, brief facts providing a simple method of relating the history of the Plessy vs. Louisiana, where the Plessy case originated, had an even more complex social structure than most Southern states because many of its residents were of mixed ethnicity. This was reversed by Brown v. They also required any state that did not already have a college or university for African-American students to build one. By then the composition of the U. On April 13, 1896, Plessy's lawyers argued before the Supreme Court in Washington, D.
Plessy under the Separate Car Act of 1890. The Court stated that the 14 th Amendment could not have been intended to enforce social equality since Caucasians and African Americans do not desire to be commingled. African Americans thought it was a stupid idea because they were humans who needed a train ride. New York: Oxford University Press. If you have two days. While Republican Candidate Rutherford B.
Ferguson case provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office - for additional facts refer to the and the. Adolphe Plessy died when Homer was seven years old. Ferguson Case: Facts Sheet for Kids Plessy vs. When asked for his identity, he identified himself as black and was subsequently arrested. Judge Ferguson had previously ruled that the act did not apply to interstate tr … avel.