Justice:- The term 'justice' in the Preamble embraces three distinct forms—social, economic and political, secured through various provisions of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles. No external power can dictate the government of India. Economic stability means that equal distribution of wealth which leads to a decent standard of living for all. Preamble to Indian Constitution Text of the Preamble reads — We, the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens. Teaching of Sanskrit in schools, reservation of seats for Sangha in the Legislative Assembly of Sikkim, and acquisition of places of worship, including mosques, is not against secularism.
This implies that government power shall be vested in the popularly elected representatives of the people. Is preamble part of Constitution? All the people are free in a limit to do their work in their own opinion. Every citizen of India is eligible to become the President of the country. The very first sentence of the preamble declares India to be the Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic. The post of the President Of India is not hereditary. Amendment of Preamble The question of whether the Preamble to Indian Constitution can be amended under article 368 arose for the first time in 1973 in Keshavnanda Bharti Vs State of Kerala case. Fraternity The last three words i.
In this sense, western concept of secularism is negative, that means against all religion in state affairs. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly 22 January 1947. The Constitution of India can be amended without disturbing the basic structure of the Constitution. Thakur Dass Bhargawa says Preamble is the most precious part and the soul of the constitution. It always acts under the Constitution which represents the supreme will of the people. All are equal in front of law.
Absence of any punctuation mark between different words of the expression supports this fact. The Indian Constitution provides for representative parliamentary democracy under which the executive is responsible to the legislature for all its policies and actions. Such a right can not be enjoyed by of the members of the community. They were elected under the Cabinet Mission Plan during the British rule on the basis of the restrictive franchise. Negatively, this means that India is not ruled by a monarch or a nominated head of state.
Glaring disparity in income distribution induced the government to control the commanding heights of the economy in the interest of suffering masses. Hence, Citizens of India also enjoy sovereign power to elect their representatives in elections held for parliament, state legislature and local bodies as well. The preamble-page, along with other pages of the original , was designed and decorated by the renowned painter of who was at with at that time. Therefore, the Preamble is a legitimate aid in the interpretation of the provisions of the Constitution. As the Supreme Court says, 'Democratic socialism aims to end poverty, ignorance, disease and inequality of opportunity. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative. We hold no responsibility, whatsoever, in case of any disparency in the information provided.
No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior. Sovereignty is understood in jurisprudence as the full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies. It was adopted on 26 Nov 1949 by. The constitution promotes this felling of fraternity by the system of single citizenship. Positively, Indian secularism guarantees equal freedom to all religion.
The people of India elect their governments at all levels, i. India is a republic because the head of the State is elected and is not a hereditary monarch. Liberty — This ideal establishes that there are no unreasonable restrictions on Indian citizens in terms of what they think, their manner of expression and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. Irrespective of these differences, the Preamble generally sets the ideals and goals which the makers of the constitution intend to achieve through that constitution. The Preamble secures to all citizens of India equality of status and opportunity.
It is merely a voluntary association of India and it is open to India to cut off this association at her will, and that it has no constitutional significance. India ceased to be a British dominion on January 26, 1950, by declaring herself a sovereign republic. These words like justice, liberty, equality and fraternity evoke in our mind, the memories of the great struggles the nation had to go through in order to secure them. These were added by the 42nd Amendment 1976 of the Constitution. Sovereignty denotes supreme and ultimate power. However, the Supreme Court of India has, in the Kesavnanda case, recognised that the preamble may be used to interpret ambiguous areas of the constitution where differing interpretations present themselves.
The preamble refers to the introduction or preface to the constitution. Being republic means the vesting of the political sovereignty in the people and election of the head of the state is done by the people of the nation for a fixed term. It reflects the fact that India is committed to secure social, economic and political justice for all its people. India being a multilingual and multi-religious state, the unity and integrity of the nation can be preserved only through a spirit of brotherhood that pervades the entire country, among all its citizens, irrespective of their differences. It does not uplift or degrade any particular religion. Political justice also refers to the use of the judicial process for the purpose of gaining or upholding or enlarging or limiting or destroying political power or influence.
It is generally used to solve the territorial disputes. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities. Accordingly, the preamble to the Indian constitution spells out the basic philosophy contained in the body of the Indian Constitution. But most of the articles in Constitution came into force on January 26th, 1950. Justice in Preamble : Three type of justice are envisaged in the preamble — social, economical and political.