Variations on the Schaffer Paragraph The second concrete detail may be used to reinforce your evidence from earlier in the paragraph; for example, if you have two related quotes from the same source you can use both to make your argument stronger. Always a mentor to me, Jane and I discussed the my new path and asked me to become one of her five national presenters. No matter how long I am in education, no matter how much preparation in June, July, and August, the beginning of a school year wears me out! It also helps to take away any type of ambiguity or confusion surrounded around grading; the student knows exactly what the teacher is looking for and what to do in order to correct a poor score. In a paper comparing two historical sources, for example, you might want to include quotes from each to highlight similarities or differences between the two texts. Concluding Sentence Finally, each paragraph should end with a formal conclusionary statement. Examples can be seen below these can be placed directly in front of your concrete detail ; The third sentence that is used with this formula refers to the author's opinion or evaluation of the concrete detail that was presented.
It is effective for several modes of writing: description, exposition, analysis, and persuasion. How do we finish our paragrah? The paragraph only makes up one of many paragraphs in an essay, and are more mechanical in nature including the introduction and conclusion. For example, he remembered his mother's advice to always do the best job he could and to watch out for the wolf. When choosing your concrete detail, keep in mind that your source will help make or break your argument - the more reliable and accurate your concrete detail is, the more credible your paper will be. Finally, they write the introductory paragraph around their thesis and a conclusion. Example 2: Global warming is a world problem and needs to be stopped.
It tells the reader what you will be discussing. When possible, use direct quotes from resources like primary texts, historical documents, or research articles, and try to avoid basing paragraphs around vague ideas or opinions. This should be the meat of the paragraph - it's where you provide your own analysis and ideas. A few are mentioned below. This can be a fact, statistic, example, plot point, or any other evidence you can use to support your point. Schaffer Paragraphs The Shaffer model for paragraphs will help you organize your evidence and thoughts into cohesive body paragraphs.
And the key terms to remember in doing so are concrete detail and commentary. The Jane Schaffer paragraph is usually composed of five sentences, and each sentence has a specific function. The Jane Schaffer paragraph is usually composed of five sentences, and each sentence has a specific function. The following terms relate to Schaffer's paragraph structure and are listed in the order that they should appear when written. Her presentation style and writing methodology changed my career. That request was a huge honor, and I readily accepted. Its a good idea to first introduce it by providing a signal or transitional phrase.
How many sentences do you need in the Jane Schaffer writing format? Commentary Sentences Commentary sentences are explanations of the concrete detail with your personal insight or analysis. You've come up with an interesting topic, honed a smart thesis, spent hours researching and organizing your notes, and painstakingly outlined your paper paragraph by paragraph. The second concrete detail can also be used to. What did you learn today? If you take the time to learn and practice the format now, you'll be thankful the next time you sit down to write! In other words, it is your hook or topic sentence just reworded. German casualties for the war remain unclear, but recent estimates put the total number of German soldiers killed on the Eastern Front at 4. Students are encouraged to use to help them. This sentence contains analysis, interpretation, character feelings, opinions, inference, insight, reasons, or color commentator.
Not only did I aspire to become a consultant like Jane, but also I came to realize that her writing method provided a solution to many a struggling writer. You don't need to provide any sort of proof or analysis in the opening sentence that part will come later. The Schaffer method is a research-based writing formula commonly taught in middle and high school settings. The main objective of the commentary is to explain how the evidence supports the writer's primary point, argument or objective. Excellent benefits of the Schaffer method Though often criticized for stifling creativity and limiting many aspects of , formulaic writing methods such as the or the Schaffer method definitely have their share of benefits as well. Free rubric builder and assessment tools.
Concluding sentence The last sentence of each body paragraph should sum up the point you've made and connect the paragraph to the paper's main thesis. Concluding The third pig is wise. The method is backed by Schaffer's own research on the most effective means of crafting an essay as well as the best techniques to use in order to generate high paper scores. Example 1: As a result, she becomes a princess. And it helps the audience, the person reading it, to better understand what you are saying. This keeps you, the writer, from being off-task.
Make sure your analysis refers back to the topic sentence in some way and stays focused on your argument. This demonstrates his willingness to consider other viewpoints. And as mentioned earlier there may be some variants with this as well as changes in the order of the sentences for example, two detail sentences and then a concrete sentences based on the subject or type of essay. Even the most thoroughly researched essay will fall apart if you can't arrange your argument in a way the reader understands. It also helps the reader believe what is being said. It should be either facts, examples, illustrations, evidence, support, plot references, , , quotations, plot summary, etc.
I like teaching them to write like that because they end up creating blocks that they then have to piece together rather than feeling they start at the beginning, write, write, write, and stop at the end. A commentary means an educated opinion. Likewise, a good conclusion sentence should also be a connecting one; therefore it will sufficiently prepare the reader for the next topic sentence that is to come. His respect for his mother's advice also indicated his awareness that those with more experience can potentially help one avoid mistakes. The reasons you restate the topic sentence in the concluding sentence is to remind the reader what you proved in the paragraph and to wrap up what you said. The Jane Schaffer paragraph is usually composed of five sentences, and each sentence has a specific Essay Tips: How to Write Schaffer Paragraph How to Write Schaffer Paragraph. The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays.
Dear Friends and Colleagues, What a whirlwind, right? It may include several things and is essentially a fact, or something know to be true as it relates to the topic. A third way to incorporate more evidence in your body paragraphs is to quote from secondary sources. Example 1: For example, she does all the cooking, cleaning, and sewing. On August 22, 2010, Jane died of cancer, a devastating blow to her family, friends, colleagues, and our profession. Thank you and I want you to hire more writers like mine! Answer: You need 8 sentences in the Jane Schaffer format.